Excerpt 1) “Religious belief and disbelief share the same underlying pathways and can be explained within a single evolutionary framework that is grounded in both genetic and cultural evolution.”
Excerpt 2) “… one path towards greater disbelief arises from comparatively weak mentalizing abilities, which render the representation of personified divine beings unintuitive.”
My comment: Another path is via the failure to embrace the complexity of the cell with its genetically predisposed ability to adaptively evolve from unicellular to multicellular organisms with brain-directed behavior via ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction. If, instead, you attribute religious belief or disbelief to cultural evolution, you have probably ignored important aspects of Creation and the complexity of systems biology with its origin in the cell.
It would be interesting to learn whether more physicists than biologists prefer cultural evolution to its obvious genetic underpinnings of cell biology, and whether a statistically significant measure might link culture and physics to “mindblind” atheism. In the context of Darwin’s theory, however, no cause and effect was proposed that would enable adaptive evolution from unicellular to multicellular organisms with a brain.
What’s since been learned about genetics includes facts that seem unappreciated by evolutionary theorists who claim that Darwin’s theory of evolution challenged the fundamentalist interpretation of the Biblical view of creation. The Biblical view of Creation seems much more consistent with what is now known about molecular epigenetics and nutrient-dependent pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution.
Could it be the allegorical representations, which can only be taken in faith to be representations of fact, continue to be the source of disbelief thousands of years later when the biological facts that support adaptive evolution are known? Is it likely that the ridiculous random mutations theory of adaptive evolution inadvertently tied to Darwin’s observations on species diversity is the problem “mindblind” atheists must deal with?
If so, perhaps physicists could help by learning about the basic principles of biology and levels of biological organization that are required to epigenetically link sensory sensory input to our adaptively evolved gene-cell-tissue-organ-organ system pathway, which links genes to behavior and back. If not, the physicists, evolutionary theorists, and others may be doomed by their “weak mentalizing abilities” to share with others their religious disbelief at a time when more biologists are sharing with others their belief.