Across species comparisons of epigenetic effects on genetically predisposed nutrient-dependent and hormone-driven invertebrate and vertebrate social and sexual behavior indicate that human pheromones also alter the development of the brain and behavior via the same molecular mechanisms.
Neuroscientists have known for many years precisely where the boundary lies between genetically predisposed attraction and learned associations in species from microbes to man.
The toxin did not kill the organism that ingested it, which is great for that individual. But how did the epigenetic effects of the toxin on intracelluar signaling and stochastic gene expression contribute to species survival
Data from the ENCODE project attest to the odds against any individual of any species surviving long enough to reproduce. The only way to beat those odds would be to allow nutrient chemicals to epigenetically effect intracellular signaling and stochastic gene expression
…attention should be focused on the model organisms Bonasio and others, like me, have used to detail precisely how the differentiation of species, brains, and behaviors are driven by nutrient chemicals and pheromones.
Given the odds against non carbon-based life on other planets, perhaps some of us need definitions to tell us what life is. Others will look at what’s known about our adaptive evolution via ecological, social, neurogenic, and socio-cognitive niche construction…