Wang et al (2013) make it clearer that epigenetic modifications of genes found in social chromosomes entered continuum of adaptive evolution before the sex chromosomes.
This is an open access article. Any advocate of adaptive evolution via random mutations can attempt to find evidence that I could not find by scanning it.
Shall we attribute to him the inability to see that metabolism and epigenetics converge with food odors and the metabolism of nutrient chemicals to pheromones that act on precisely the same molecular mechanisms of adaptive evolution found in species from microbes to man?
a model for adaptive evolution, for example, that is not nutrient chemical-dependent and pheromone-controlled?
I include more information about the molecular mechanisms responsible for “…sex-specific regulation of miRNA levels that are known to influence sexually dimorphism of mRNA concentrations in the brains of mice” and in other species from microbes to man.
the only thing wrong with mathematical models of cause and effect is that they attribute indirect genetic effects, direct genetic effects, and affects on behavior to something unknown
the honeybee model organism links the epigenetic effects of nutrient chemical-dependent pheromone-controlled adaptive evolution to genes, behavior, and back in species from microbes to man.