This is an open access article. Any advocate of adaptive evolution via random mutations can attempt to find evidence that I could not find by scanning it.
a model for adaptive evolution, for example, that is not nutrient chemical-dependent and pheromone-controlled?
“random” mutations in the genome are not quite so random after all.
Natural Selection and Sexual Selection must concurrently occur, which makes them non-random processes not driven by random mutations.
the bottom-up epigenetic effects of nutrient chemicals on speciation that are concurrently controlled by the top-down epigenetic effects of pheromones on reproduction challenges those who might rather attempt to-explain away the conserved molecular biology of adaptive evolution via random mutations theory
I mention this only to note the likelihood that random mutations are not driving the disease processes — like Alzheimer’s and that proper nutrition and pheromone therapy offers hope to an aging population.
Does anyone think that what’s reported here exemplifies an effect of a random mutation on ‘junk DNA’?