In physics, space-time is warped by the distribution of mass and energy in it (Hwaking 1988). Our findings, along with others (Johnston et al. 2006; Xuan et al. 2007; Wang and Jiang 2012; Mayo and Sommer 2013), suggest a parallel in the perception of time––subjective time is “warped” by the neural energy involved in representing multisensory inputs at subsecond scales.
The facts about neural energy were first revealed when pre-mRNAs was the term for microRNAs in the molecular epigenetics section of our 1996 review From Fertilization to Adult Sexual Behavior with a follow-up poster session. See: Energy as information and constrained endogenous RNA interference
Feedback loops link quantized energy as information to biophysically constrained RNA-mediated protein folding chemistry. Light induced energy-dependent changes link angstroms to ecosystems from classical physics to chemistry/chirality and to molecular epigenetics/autophagy. The National Microbiome Initiative links microbial quorum sensing to the physiology of reproduction via endogenous RNA interference and chromosomal rearrangements.
The rearrangements link energy-dependent fixed amino acid substitutions to the Precision Medicine Initiative via genome wide inferences of natural selection. This detailed representation of energy-dependent natural selection for codon optimality links biologically-based cause and effect from G protein-coupled receptors to RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions and the functional structure of supercoiled DNA.
Energy-dependent polycombic ecological adaptations are manifested in supercoiled DNA. Chromosomal inheritance links the adaptations from morphological phenotypes to healthy longevity via behavioral phenotypes.
For contrast, virus-driven energy theft is the link from messenger RNA degradation to negative supercoiling, constraint breaking mutations, and hecatombic evolution. The viral hecatomb links transgenerational epigenetic inheritance from archaea to Zika virus-damaged DNA, which typically is repaired by endogenous RNA interference and fixation of RNA-mediated amino acid substitutions in organized genomes.
…patients will have another, powerful weapon in their fight against [lung] cancer when the Emory Proton Therapy Center opens in December 2018.”
This links the creation of sunlight and differences in the energy of two protons to the proton motive force. The creation of subatomic particles is linked to difference in the potential of hydrogen (pH). All serious scientists know how the virus-driven degradation of messenger RNA links changes in pH to virus-driven pathology. For example, nutrient stress or social stress link slight decreases in pH to the proliferation of viruses. Increased acidity in the ocean has been linked from the proliferation of viruses during the past 6,000 years to the decimation of populations in all species on Earth.